Small Animal Products
Kelactin - Oral cabergoline inhibitor solution

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Kelactin - Oral cabergoline inhibitor solution

KELACTIN 50 MICROGRAM/ML,
ORAL SOLUTION FOR DOGS & CATS

PRESENTATION
KELACTIN is a pale yellow, viscous oily solution containing 50 µg cabergoline per ml.

USES
This product is indicated for the following uses:

  • Treatment of false pregnancy in bitches
  • Suppression of lactation in bitches and queens

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The product should be administered orally either directly into the mouth or by mixing with food.

The dosage is 0.1 ml/kg body weight (equivalent to 5 microgram/kg body weight of cabergoline) once daily for 4-6 consecutive days, depending on the severity of the clinical condition.

If the signs fail to resolve after a single course of treatment, or if they recur after the end of the treatment, the course of treatment may be repeated.

Kelactin Product

HOW TO WITHDRAW THE RECOMMENDED
VOLUME FROM THE VIAL

  1. Remove the cover from the vial adapter package. Do not remove the vial adapter from the blister package.

  2. Attach the adapter to the vial; use the blister pack to handle the adapter. Seat the adapter on the vial by pushing down until the spike penetrates the stopper and the adapter snaps back in place.
  1. Remove and discard the blister package.

  2. Attach the syringe to the adapter by firmly pressing the syringe into the vial adapter to avoid leaking of the product when withdrawing the dose from the vial.

  3. Withdraw the drug from the vial into the syringe holding the vial upside down.
  1. Remove the syringe from the adapter.

  2. The drug is now ready for administration.

It is recommended to rinse and dry the syringe following each application.

Kelatin administation instuctions

CONTRA-INDICATIONS, WARNINGS, ETC

SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

Do not use in pregnant animals since the product may cause abortion.

Do not use with dopamine antagonist.

SPECIAL WARNINGS FOR EACH TARGET SPECIES
Additional supportive treatments should involve restriction of water and carbohydrate intake and increase exercise.

(i) Special precautions for use in animals
(ii) Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the medicinal product to the animals

Wash hand after use. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Wash off any splashes immediately.

Care should be taken to avoid contact between the solution and women of childbearing age.

Women of childbearing potential and breast-feeding woman should not handle the product or should wear disposable gloves when administering the product.

If you know you are hypersensitive to cabergoline or any of the other ingredients in the product, you should avoid contact with the product.

Do not leave unattended filled syringes in the presence of children. In the event of accidental ingestion, particularly by a child, seek medical attention immediately.

Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)

Cabergoline may induce transient hypotension in treated animals and might result in more significant hypotension in animals concurrently being treated with hypotensive drugs, or directly after surgery whilst the animal is under the influence of anaesthetic agents.

POSSIBLE ADVERSE EFFECTS ARE

  • sleepiness
  • anorexia
  • vomiting

These adverse effects are usually of a moderate and transient nature.

Vomiting usually only occurs after the first administration. In this case treatment should not be stopped, since the vomiting will not reoccur after the following administrations.

In very rare cases allergic reactions occurred, such as oedema, urticaria, dermatitis and pruritus.

In very rare cases a transient hypotension may occur.

In very rare cases neurological symptoms occurred, such as sleepiness, muscle tremor, ataxia, hyperactivity and convulsions.

USE DURING PREGNANCY, LACTATION OR LAY

  • Cabergoline has the capacity to cause abortion in the later stages of pregnancy and should not be used in pregnant animals. Differential diagnosis between pregnancy and false pregnancy should be made correctly.
  • The product is indicated for the suppression of lactation: inhibition of prolactin secretion by cabergoline results in a rapid cessation of lactation and a reduction in the size of the mammary glands. The product should not be used in lactating animals unless suppression of lactation is required.

INTERACTION WITH OTHER MEDICINAL PRODUCTS AND OTHER FORMS OF INTERACTION
Since cabergoline exerts its therapeutic effect by direct stimulation of dopamine receptors, the product should not be administered concurrently with drugs which have dopamine antagonist activity (such as phenothiazines, butyrophenones, metoclopramide), as these might reduce its prolactin inhibiting effects.

Since cabergoline may induce transient hypotension, the product should not in animals concurrently treated with hypotensive drugs.

OVERDOSE (SYMPTOMS, EMERGENCY PROCEDURES, ANTIDOTES), IF NECESSARY
The experimental data indicate that a single overdose with cabergoline might result in an increased likelihood of post-treatment vomiting, and possibly an increase in posttreatment hypotension.

General supportive measures should be undertaken to remove any unabsorbed drug and maintain blood pressure, if necessary.

WITHDRAWAL PERIODS
Not applicable.

PHARMACEUTICAL PRECAUTIONS
Do not mix the product with an aqueous solution (e.g. milk)

In the absence of compatibility studies, this veterinary medicinal product must not be mixed with other veterinary medicinal products.

Shelf-life after first opening of the immediate packaging: 14 days.

As packaged for sale: store in a refrigerator (2-8°C). After first opening: store below 25°C.

Store in an upright position.

LEGAL CATEGORY
POM-V

PACKAGING QUANTITIES
Vials of 7, 15 and 24 ml.

FURTHER INFORMATION
Pharmacotherapeutic group: prolactin inhibitor belonging to the ergoline derivative group which acts by dopamine agonist activity. ATC vet Code: QG02CB03.

PHARMACODYNAMIC PROPERTIES
The pharmacodynamics of cabergoline have been investigated in various in-vitro and in-vivo system. The most significant findings can be summarised as follows:


  • Cabergoline is a potent inhibitor of prolactin secretion by the pituitary, and as a consequence inhibits prolactin secretion dependent processes such as lactation.
  • The mechanism of action of cabergoline is via direct interaction with the D-2 dopaminergic receptor on pituitary lactotroph cells; this interaction is a persistent effect.
  • Cabergoline has some affinity for noradrenergic receptors, but does not affect noradrenaline or serotonin metabolism.
  • As for other ergoline derivatives, cabergoline has emetic effects (equivalent in potency to those of pergolide and bromocriptine).
  • At high doses orally, cabergoline causes a reduction in blood pressure.

PHARMACOKINETIC PROPERTIES
No pharmacokinetic data are available for the recommended dosing regimen in dogs and cats.

Pharmacokinetic studies in dogs were performed with a daily dose of 80 µg/kg bodyweight (16 times the recommended dose). Dogs were treated for 30 days; pharmacokinetic assessments made on day 1 and 28.

ABSORPTION

  • Tmax = 1 hour on day 1 and 0.5-2 hours (mean 75 minutes) on day 28;
  • Cmax ranged from 1140 to 3155 pg/ml (mean 2147 pg/ml) on day 1 and from 455 to 4217 pg/ml (mean 2336 pg/ml) on day 28;
  • AUC (0-24 h) on day 1 ranged from 3896 to 10216 pg.h.ml-1 (mean 7056 pg.h.ml-1) and on day 28 from 3231 to 19043 pg.h.ml-1 (mean 11137 pg.h.ml-1).

ELIMINATION

  • Plasma half life in dogs t½ on day 1 ˜ 19 hours; t½ on day 28 ˜ 10 hours

MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
(if different from distributor)

KELA N.V.
St. Lenaartseweg 48
2320 Hoogstraten
Belgium

MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER
Vm 06126/4002.

SIGNIFICANT CHANGES
GTIN (Global Trade Item No)

Kelactin 7ml
05414897035390

Kelactin 15ml
05414897035406

Kelactin 24ml
05414897035413

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