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Digestive disturbances in calves

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Scourproof® Extra - The oral rehydration formula that stops scour fast!

Digestive Disturbances can manifest themselves commonly as diarrhoea in calves

Problem: up to 20% of all calves can suffer from diarrhoea

What is diarrhoea?
Diarrhoea is the discharge of more fluid than normal from the bowel. Normal cycling of fluid into and out of intestinal tract is disrupted. Considerably more fluid is lost through the intestine than is absorbed, leading to dehydration.

What are the results of diarrhoea?

  • Fluid loss ➜ dehydration
  • Electrolyte (salts) loss and imbalance.
  • Heart and skeletal muscle function affected.

What are some of the requirements of calves suffering from diarrhoea?

  • Fluids
  • Electrolytes
  • Correction of any acidosis
  • Energy
Digestive disturbances in calves

How much does diarrhoea cost?
Calf diarrhoea is the most important problem in young calves and causes more financial loss for the calf producer than any other problem. Calves are most susceptible to diarrhoea during the first few weeks of life. It can affect up to 20 % of all calves at a cost of up to £123 per case or £2,460 per 100 calves.

Digestive disturbances in calves

Why is it important to reduce fluid loss through diarrhoea QUICKLY?
In an animal suffering from diarrhoea, consumption of more nutrients provokes more diarrhoea. And that means the dehydration can become dangerous. So, diarrhoeic calves should not be fed milk. But without nutrients, growth stops. The only way to re-start growth in diarrhoeic animals is to reduce fluid loss and then re-start feeding.

Improves extracellular fluid, corrects acidosis, to reduce losses
The essential properties of an oral rehydration solution (ORS) are that it should:

  • be efficiently absorbed,
  • restore extracellular fluid (ECF) volume (and correct hyponatraemia),
  • correct acidosis (and thereby reduce hyperkalaemia).

Some dietetic feeding stuffs for oral administration in calves have been found ineffective in improving ECF volume within 48 hours. This ineffectiveness has been linked with the relative low bicarbonate concentration for prompt improvement of ECF volume.

Correction of metabolic acidosis depends largely on the quantity of bicarbonate provided, including that derived from precursors. Scourproof® Extra provides more bicarbonate than most other brands, for faster correction of acidosis.

References
DEFRA (2003) p. 4
Milk Development Council (1998) Project Mo. 96/R5/10 Michell, A.R. (2005) Research in Veterinary Science, 79, 177-181

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